Abstract: Vertical City: The Evolution of Architecture + Structural Design in the Next Generation of the World’s Tallest Buildings
Day 1 at 2:00
With the accelerating pace of technological revolution, today’s limits are often yesterday’s science fiction, and probably tomorrow’s routine standards. What was conceived decades ago has now been brought into reality when the world’s tallest building, the Jeddah Tower, is underway to reach 1 kilometer in the sky of Saudi Arabia. Super high-rise buildings require large fraction of the construction budget to control dynamic properties, resist large forces and deal with the special construction challenges of placing and working with materials high in the sky. Innovation and creativity based on material properties and damping devices result in cost-effective structural systems compatible with the architectural design, budget and overall satisfactory building behavior. Moreover, improvement in building shapes and surface conditions, besides its aesthetic significance, contributes greatly to the reduction of wind and seismic loads. With the BIM and advanced modeling platforms, structural engineers are enabled to collaborate with architects and contractors on a whole new level. The synthesis of ideas across the entire project team can reside – as it once did in the master builder’s head – in one virtual, seamless and borderless model. With these technologies, engineers are ready to embrace new design and construction challenges that vertical cities may bring.