Abstract: JingJinJi, Problems and Objectives
Day 1 at 10:50
Urban-Rural Spatial Planning Studies in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region is a major research project in the last decades conducted by a work group led by academician Prof. Wu Liangyong of Tsinghua University with sustained attention. To promote the cooperation and development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region is one of the main decisions and plans made by the central government of China in recent years, and it is a critical national strategy.
Currently, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region is facing various of problems. First of all, Beijing has many non-capital functions, plus overpopulation, traffic congestion, air pollution, housing issues, and social management difficulties. There is a serious water shortage in this region, as well as over-exploitation of groundwater and other environmental issues. Also, the urban function layout is not proper, the urban system and structure is unbalanced, and there are development disparities through out the region.
Wu Liangyong's work group published the First Report of Jing-Jin-Ji in 2002 and proposed the concept of building a World-Level Urban Region. The Second Report of Jing-Jin-Ji was published in 2006 which puts forward the development framework of "one axis three belts", which is the development axis of Beijing and Tianjin, with the Binhai new development belt, the piedmont area traditional development belt, and the Yanshan-Taihang Mountain ecological culture development belt. The Third Report of Jing-Jin-Ji published in 2013 presented common policies and development paths in urban and regional spatial pattern, comprehensive transportation system, development of ecological civilization and regional cultural system.
The central government of China proposed the development goals for the cooperation and development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region by 2017, 2020 and 2030. The short-term goal (the 2017 goal) includes significant progress in Beijing’s non-capital function decentralization, being in line with the objectives of cooperation and development and realistic need, traffic integration, ecological and environmental protection, industrial upgrading and transformation in the key areas, as well as deepened reform, innovation, and pilot demonstration.
Keywords: Jing-Jin- Ji (Beijing-Tianjin- Hebei), spatial planning, cooperation and development